“Imperialism” and “new imperialism” are the terms that refer to a policy of authority over another country in order to receive benefits, especially as politic and economic. However, imperialism and new imperialism also have some differences about the period that they appeared, the focus of imperialists and the competition of conquering countries.
Imperialism appeared in the 16th century and developed in the 19th century. In this period, Western nations, so call imperialists at that time, want to use the cheap labor resources, new markets and raw materials in underdeveloped countries, almost locating in Asia and Africa continent. Consequently, these imperialists try to invade or take control of weaker countries through military might and economic clout. And there are no competitions between imperialists in this period.
New imperialism began with the Franco-Prussian War in 1871 to World War I in 1914. Similar to imperialism, during this period, imperialists focused on natural resources, strategic power, military might and prestige. As a result, these nations expanded their colonies and compete with each other.